Descended from a family of high-ranking diplomats, Count Robert de Vogüé was already a decorated war hero before entering the world of the automobile. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre and Legion d’Honneur for serving with distinction as an officer in the French navy during the First World War.
De Vogüé took over the presidency of ACF in 1922, succeeding Baron de Zulyen de Nyevelt. He later became Vice-President of the AIACR, also run by his predecessor at the ACF, and when the presidency became free in 1931, de Vogüé was singled out as the best candidate by the outgoing de Zulyen de Nyevelt. However, De Vogüé only held the position for five years before his death in 1936.