The International Tribunal (IT) exercises the FIA disciplinary powers in the first instance (for cases not dealt with by the Stewards of the Meeting). Decisions taken by the IT can be appealed before the International Court of Appeal (ICA).
The International Court of Appeal is the final appeal tribunal for international motor sport. Established under the FIA Statutes and the FIA International Sporting Code it resolves disputes brought before it by any of National Sporting Authorities worldwide, or by the President of the FIA. It can also settle non-sporting disputes brought by national motoring organizations affiliated to the FIA.
In accordance with good governance principles, the International Court of Appeal (ICA) is an independent body with its own administration detached from the main structure of the FIA.